EFPC04c. PLANNING ENFORCEMENT
(updated: June 28, 2006 )
OFL = Ordered for Library -
please see University Library catalogue for latest on availability:
* indicates more useful and/or up to date references
Abraham, Henry, 2001, 'Enforceable and Fair?', Journal of Planning and Environment Law, April.
Alder, John, 1989, 'Development
Control', Sweet & Maxwell (2nd edition), London.
Alder, John, 1989, 'Effective enforcement of planning control', BSP Professional Books.
Arup Economics and Planning:
(Arup Economics and Planning & Linklate and Paines), 'Evaluation of Planning Enforcement Provisions', HMSO, London, 1995.
Audit Commission publications available from
tel. (0800) 502030
- website: http://www.audit-commission.gov.uk
'Building in Quality: A Study of Development Control', HMSO, 1992.
'Report on the Performance of Council Planning Departments', March 2000.
'Development Control and Planning', ISBN 1862403481, March 2002. (OFL, 5.3.02)
Banham, Sir John, 1995, 'Planning and Local Government Enforcement', Report of Proceedings, 1995 Town and Country Planning Summer School, University of Exeter, RTPI, London.
Bell, Graeme, 2006, 'The many bodily perils of working in enforcement', Planning 1673, 16.3.06, p9
Beloff, Michael & Brown, Paul, 1999, 'Planning Contravention Notices and the Right to Silence: The Impact of the Human Rights Act 1998', Journal of Planning and Environment Law, December.
Blackhall, J. Cameron, 2000, 'Planning Law and Practice' (3rd edition), Cavendish Publishing, London, ISBN 1 85941 572 5
Bourne, 1992, 'Enforcement of Planning Control', (second edition), Sweet & Maxwell, London.
Booth, P, 1996, 'Controlling Development-Certainty and Discretion in Europe, the USA and Hong Kong', London: UCL Press (OFL)
Brock, David, 2001, 'When Does Unlawful change of use become immune from enforcement?', Journal of Planning and Environment Law, October, pp1153-1155
Bruton, Michael & Nicholson, David, 1987 & 1990, 'Local Planning in Practice', Hutchinson, London. ISBN 0 09 1653919. (GP5511.BRU)
Carnwarth, R, 1989, 'Enforcing
Planning Control (The Carnwath Report)', (frormer) Department
of the Environment (DOE) / HMSO, London.
Carnwarth, R, 1991, 'The planning lawyers and the environment', Journal of Envirlonmental Law 3, pp57-67.
Carnwarth, R, 1992, 'Environmental enforcement: the need for a specialist court', Journal of Planning and Environment Law, pp799-808.
Collings, David, 2000, 'Presenting the case for better judgments' (successful enforcement), Planning 1371, 2.6.00.
Council for the Protection
of Rural England (CPRE), 128 Southwark St, London SE1 0SW,
tel. (020) 7981 2800, fax. (020) 7981 2899, email: [email protected]
- website: http://www.cpre.org.uk
'Enforcement - quality control in planning', CPRE Briefing, December 2002.
Cullingworth, J. Barry & Nadin,
Vincent, 2001, 'Town and Country Planning in the UK', 13th edition,
Routledge, London, September.
ISBN 0 415 21774-1 (Hb) / 0 415 21775-X (pb) (OFL 7.8.01)
Davies, Rhys, 2002, 'Moving enforcement forward', (RYTPI conference report), Planning 1455, 8.2.02, p23
Department for Transport, Local
Government and the Regions (DTLR) (replaced DETR from June 2001
to May 2002)
- website: http://www.dtlr.gov.uk
'Completion Notices (authors: Stephen Crow et al), 'Completion Notices', ISBN 1 85112 501 9, DTLR Publications Sales Centre, August
Department of the Environment
(1970-1997: replaced by the DETR from June 1997 - June 2001)
'Enforcing Planning Control: Legislative Provisions and Procedural Requirements: Circular 1997/10', 1997.
*'Planning Policy Guidance (PPG) Note 18: Enforcing Planning Control, London: HMSO, 1991.
Circular 21/91: Planning and Compensation Act 1991, London: HMSO, 1991.
'Planning: Charter Standards', London: HMSO., 1994.
'Good Practice Guide 14: Enforcing Planning Control: Good Practice Guide for Local Planning Authorities'. ?
Department of the Environment,
Transport and the Regions (DETR) (June 1997 - June 2001)
DETR publications available from DTLR Publications Sales Centre,
Unit 8, Goldthorpe Industrial Estate, Goldthorpe, Rotherham S63 9BL, tel. (01709) 891318, fax. (01709) 881673:
NB: DETR replaced from June 2001 to May 2002 by the Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR)
Circular 10/97: Enforcing Planning Control: Good Practice Guide for Local Planning Authorities, DETR Publications Sales Centre, Rotherham, July 1997, and available at http://www.planning.odpm.gov.uk/circulars/10_97/index.htm
'Modernising Planning: Consultation Paper on Improving Enforcement Appeal Procedures (HTML version), January 2000, and at: http://www.planning.detr.gov.uk/prp/index.htm
Durrant, Ian, 2000, 'Enforcement handbook for England and Wales', available from Central Services, Royal Town Planning Insitute, November, ISBN 1 902311 22 1.
Edinburgh College of Art (School of Planning and Housing) & Peter P.C. Allan (Chartered Town Planning Consultants), 1997, 'Research on the General Permitted Development Order and Related Mechanisms;, TSO, Edinburgh.
Emmett, S., 1994, 'Practical Planning: Enforcement', Longman, Harlow, Essex.
Federation of South-West Enforcement Officers, 2001, 'Courts and the Planning System', Federation of South-West Enforcement Officers, November.
Garlick, Richard, 1999, 'Sharpening up' (enforcement in Local Planning authorities), Planning 1314, 16.4.99.
Goodall, Maretin, 2004, 'Legal pitfalls in enforcement', Paper presented at the 2004 Planning Summer School, Reading, September, http://www.planningsummerschool.org/papers/year2004/
Harrison, John, 2003, 'Paying for enforcement', Town and Country Planning, 72 (2), February, p60.
Harwood, R., 1997, 'Planning enforcement', Central Law Training Professional Publishing, Birmingham. GP5511.HAR
Haslam, Michael, 2004, 'Enforcement: the focus of media attention', Planning 1564, 9.5.04, p23
Jones, Delwyn, 2006, 'Change of use to single dwelling house - Is the Time Limit to Enforcement 4 Years - 10 Years if the Change of Use is Permitted by Condition?, Journal of Environment and Planning Law, March.
Jowell, J & Millichap, D, 1987, '"Enforcement": the weakest link in the planning chain', in Harrison, M.L & Mordey, R, 1987, 'Planning Control: Philosphies and Practice', Croom Helm, London.
Kinloch, Ian, 2003, 'Representations,
Estoppel and legitimate representations', Journal of Planning
and Environmental Law, May, pp288-299
Kinlock, Ian, 2005, 'What is wrong with temporary stop notices?', Journal of Planning and Environmental Law, January, p7
Lewis, Meyne, 2003, 'Expediency in enforcement: planning "weakest link"?', Journal of Environment and Environment Law, September, p1109-1112
Lindsay, Naomi, 2004, 'The enforcers' (use by Councils of Section 215 (S215) of the Town and Country Planning Act', Regeneration & Renewal, 22.7.04,, p21
Little, A.J, 1992, 'Planning Controls
and their enforcement,' (6th edition), Shaw and Sons Ltd., Crayford,
Little, A.J, 2001, 'Planning Controls and their Enforcement', 7th edition, Shaw & Sons, Crayford, Kent. ISBN 0 7219 0494 7. (OFL on 4.7.01)
Local Government Association, 1999?, 'Enforcement Concordat', LGA, London.
McKay, Stephen; Berry, Jim; McGreal,
Stanley, 2003, 'Planning Enforcement: Lessons for Practice and
Procedure', Planning Theory & Practice 4 (2), September, p325,
McKay, Stephen, 2003, 'Sheriffs and outlaws: In pursuit of effective enforcement', Town Planning Review, 74 (4), July, p423
McLoughlin, Mike, 2004, 'Systematic approach to enforcement is needed', Plan ning 1574, 18.6.04, p23
Millichap, Denzil, 1995, 'The Effective Enforcement of Planning Control', (second edition) Butterworths, London. GP5511.MIL
Northern Ireland Planning Service
(formerly the Northern Ireland Office Planning Service)
Planning Policy Statements:
PPS9. The Enforcement of Planning Control.
Development Control Advice Notes (DCAN) available from
Clarence Court, 10-18 Adelaide Street, Belfast, BT2 8GB:
DCAN1. Amusement Centres.
DCAN2. Multiple Occupancy.
DCAN3. Bookmaking Offices.
DCAN4. Hot Food Bars.
DCAN5. Taxi Offices.
DCAN6. Restaurants and Cafes.
DCAN7. Public Houses.
DCAN8. Small Unit Housing in Existing Residential Areas.
DCAN9. Residential and Nursing Homes.
DCAN10. Environmental Impact Assessment.
DCAN12. Hazardous Substances.
DCAN13. Creches, Day Nurseries and Pre-School Playgroups.
DCAN14. Telecommunications Prior Approval Procedures.
DCAN15. Vehicular Access Standards.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister: http://www.odpm.gov.uk/
(in May 2002 took over responsibilities for planning from the
Department for Transport, Local Government & the Regions (DTLR) (June 2001-May 2002-);
DTLR Planning and Local Government functions
and replaced in May 2006 by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG)
*'Review of the Planning Enforcement System in England', September 2002, ODPM free literature, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB or at http://www.planning.odpm.gov.uk/consult/enforce/index.htm
'Circular 02/2002 - Enforcement Appeals Procedures', November 2002, http://www.planning.odpm.gov.uk/circulars/odpm0202/index.htm
'Regulatory Impact Assessment - Enforcement Appeals Procedure', February 2003, http://www.planning.odpm.gov.uk/riaeap/index.htm
'Temporary Stop Notice: Consultation package', November 2004,
Parker, A, 2000, 'Attractive Enforcement? (RTPI Seminar Report), Planning, 8.12.00, p6.
Planning Executives' Association, 2000, 'Enforcement Handbook', written by Ian Durrant for the PEA, RTPI (Royal Town Planning Institute), London.
Planning Inspectorate Executive
NB:- Enforcement Appeal Form: http://www.info4local.gov.uk/searchreport.asp?id=17887&heading=e-mail+alert
'Circular 02/2002 - Enforcement Appeals Procedures', November 2002, http://www.planning.odpm.gov.uk/circulars/odpm0202/index.htm
'New Rules for Handling Enforcement Appeals in England', January 2003, http://www.info4local.gov.uk/searchreport.asp?id=13670&heading=e-mail+alert
'Guide to Taking Part in Enforcement Appeals: If you want to comment on someone else's appeal', February 2004,
Planning Officers' Society:
- website: http://www.planningofficers.org.uk/
'Review of the planning enforcement system in England', January 2002.
Robinson, Alice, 2003, 'Enforcement notices - The Power of Amendment on Appeal', Journal of Environment and Planning Law, January, pp5-12
Robinson, Carol, 2001, 'Let's Talk Dirty' (enforcement in Northampton), Town and Country Planning Summer School, University of Exeter, September, http://www.planningsummerschool.com/main_site/planningpapers.html
Rowan-Robinson, J; Young, E &
McLarry, I, 1984, 'Enforcement of Planning Control in Scotland',
Consultants' Report, Scottish Development Department, Edinburgh.
Rowan-Robinson, Jeremy, 1987, 'Enforcement: the weakest link in the Scottish planning control system', Urban Law and Policy 8, p255-288.
Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI), 41 Botolph Lane, London EC3R 4DL,
tel. (020) 7929 9494, fax. (020) 7929 9490, email: [email protected]
- website: http://www.rtpi.org.uk
'Enforcement of Planning Control, Practice Advice Note No. 6, London RTPI, February 1996.
'New enforcement handbook for planning enforcement officers in England and Wales' (author: Iain Durrant, for the Planning Executive's Association), 2000. ISBN 1 902311 22 1.
Scott, James, 2000, 'Whose right to fight enforcement action?', Planning 1395, 17.11.00.
Shelbourn, Carolyn, 1998, 'Enforcing Listed Building Controls', Journal of Planning and Environment Law, November.
Shepley, Chris, 1995, 'Still Life in Planning?', 'Planning and Local Government Enforcement', Report of Proceedings, 1995 Town and Country Planning Summer School (TCPSS), University of Exeter, September 1995, RTPI, London.
Smith, Leslie, 2004. 'Clampdown at the roadside' (roadside advertising and enforcement), Planning 1574, 18.6.04, p18
Steer-Kemp, Ray, 2006, 'Enforcement association has vital role to play in a successful sector', (launch of the National Association for Planning Enforcement), Planning 1672, 9.6.06, p22
The Planning Inspectorate, 2002, 'Improvements to Enforcement Appeals Procedures', The Planning Inspectorate Executive Agency, Bristol, November, http://www.info4local.gov.uk/searchreport.asp?id=12971&heading=e-mail+alert
The Scottish Executive, Edinburgh
- Development Department, tel. (0131) 244 7543
- website: http://www.scotland.gov.uk :
'Recovering the Costs of Monitoring and Enforcing Mineral Permission', October 2003, and at http://www.planning.haynet.com
The Scottish Office, Edinburgh
Scottish Office Development Department Circulars:
8/92. Enforcing Planning Control
9/92. Planning and Compensation Act 1991: Enforcement of Tree Preservation Orders.
36/92. Lawful Development and Enforcement.
The Scottish Office, Edinburgh (former):
Scottish Office Development Department Planning Advice Notes:
PAN 40: Development Control, 1993.
PAN 54: Planning Enforcement', PAN 54 & Circular 1/1996, 1999.
Thomas, K, 1997, 'Development Control - Principles and Practice', UCL Press, London. GP5511.THO.
Upton W & Harwood, R, 1996, 'The stunning powers of environmental inspectors', Journal of Planning and Environment Law, pp623-632.
Ward, Charles, 1999, 'Choosing
the best remedy' (enforcement), Planning 1312, 2.4.99.